best canon fd

 

Best Canon FD lenses

 

On this page you will find a list of the best prime lenses that have shaped the history of this fascinating photographic system, and also two zoom, the 35-105 f / 3.5-4.5 lens with aspherical (little known because it marketed in 1985, two years before sunset system FD) and the resounding 80-200 f / 4L lens with fluorite, both zoom of great class. But the curious zoom 35-70 f / 4 AF, a clumsy and expensive contraption that was the forerunner of modern objectives do-it-all.

Thinking of the current objectives, full of electronics (with built-in expiration date that pompously called ” firmware “) and made ​​of plastic autoconsumante, have to laugh, in 40 years there will be no trace of the garbage, while these jewels continue to shine, showing how it was remarkable intellect producers of those times, before it started to be corrupted by the laws of modern marketing. 
Simply trying to achieve the best, bluntly, and for the pleasure of getting results unusual beating competition, is to offer the best to customers, which could be proud to own objects extraordinarily refined.

I wish to thank right now dear Prof. Vicent Cabo for allowing me to use his unpublished optical designs and friend Marco Cavina for constant moral support over the years and for allowing me to use some of his photographs of the objectives; its valuable items will ultimately be reported where available. As you know, it’s not my interest back opinions copied elsewhere: everything I write is the result of personal experience and research; goals series have been all in my possession and impressions of use are strictly subjective; Finally I find no fun in photographing optical targets or series of cells in single file, I prefer to give an opinion on the performance of the global objectives. For each objective will insert: – one or more photographs descriptive. – optical scheme of Prof. Vicent Cabo. – technical notes on the construction and any curiosity. – short personal notes on performance and usage. – price in pounds last list FD canon 1996 (if available). – connection example photos taken by me to give a ‘idea of surrender. – bridge to articles of Marco Cavina if available.

 

 

 

Before starting I recommend reading this article by Marco Cavina, describing the time they were created these masterpieces optical. Finally, I will mention two goals not FD, namely the legendary 50 S / 0.95 for rangefinder (called “dream lens”) , and the rare Panfocus (pancakes) FLP 40 / 2.8 exclusive for Pellix. Even for the objectives exist rare monographs Canon, in particular the text “Lens Work” of 1981 of 183 pages:

 

 

Lens+work.jpg

The Italian version of which is rarer than a green dog:

lens.JPG

and the even rarer “Canon interchangeable lens guides” of 1969 of 268 pages, the latter, seen (and bought) only once in seven years of research, however, refers to the previous system FL which will be in the future, a separate treatment.

 

 

The characteristics of the lens system FD

There are two types of FD lenses: 1. Type “breachlock” , with clamping ring, manufactured from 1971 to 1979.

 

The best targets of this series were equipped with a system of automatic pre-tightening of the locking collar. 
This ingenious system does make a small rotation to the collar by the spring force of closing of the iris, and is operated by a lever that is pressed by the bayonet the camera in the moment in which it engages the lens, ensuring the lens from accidental fall. 
Since the closing movement is generated by the diaphragm spring, the speed of rotation, and the relative amplitude is greater with small aperture. The objectives breachlock were the subject of a first major revision in 1973 when they were made ​​the following changes:

 

  • It was eliminated beautiful chrome bayonet service (probably to limit stray reflections), which became black.
  • It was eliminated the system of focus with leaking barrel (also chromed) in favor of an extension of the whole ring of focus.
  • The hood, which in the first version were metal with Teflon inserts to cushion the click of the bayonet and lined with black velvet, were made of plastic.
  • Were introduced initials SC (Spectra coating) and SSC (super spectra coating) on ​​the ring badges front (although the anti-reflective coating was already in use).
  • The finish of the lock button auto iris passed from chrome to black, and its identification was changed from a green circle “O” to the capital letter “A”.

 

In fact the very first models breachlock 1971 were without lock button and the automatic function, designed to achieve the priorities of the times on the first F-1 with the servo EE finder, marked by the green circle was set just like any aperture . Presumably before the revision of 1973 was introduced button chrome security, but it is very difficult to determine when. 
Based on the goals in my possession I could see 4 different types for the auto iris:

 

  1. Green ball without button – datacode M – 1972

  2. Green ball with chrome button – datacode O – 1974

  3. Green ball with black button – datacode R – 1977

  4. A letter and black button – datacode R – 1977

About datacode, this is the table to identify the year of manufacture of the objectives FD:

Tabella+datacode+Canon.jpg

 

 

The last datacode FD presumably date back to 1996, the effective date of cessation of production and publication year of the last official price list. The datacode is stamped on the back of the lens:

 

datacode+su+fondello.jpg

the first letter identifies the year of manufacture, while the first digit after the letter identifies the month. The two final digits have unknown significance. 2. Type “newfd” with locking snap and release button, manufactured from 1979 to the end of production in 1996.

 

This version, mechanically more complex, was designed to engage targets safely with one hand: engage, turning clockwise until it clicks and the operation is finished. It was introduced at the same time the red thread that distinguishes the L series 
lenses newfd not report the abbreviations SC and SSC that were eliminated because the anti-reflective coating was applied equally to all new production, also the holder of most of the goals came from 55mm to 52mm, together with a reduction in size and weight through the extensive use of plastic. 
The objectives newfd are pleasantly simple and compact but does not give the same solid feel of breachlock. In principle, then the frame is better breachlock newfd because the clamping ring allows you to recover the mechanical play by tightening the lens bayonet. With heavy lenses fact grafting newfd can manifest annoying coupling play. As proof of this fact is the evidence of duplicators: They were never made ​​newfd frame, but with collars breachlock thick; duplicators are elements that are interposed between the lens and camera and require a secure mounting. Finally the teeth of the bayonet in breachlock system is made ​​for turning the clamping collar, the version newfd is pressed steel. There is also to say that mechanically newfd the system is more complex because part of the bottom of the lens rotates during engagement with a sophisticated construction. So it is easier than frames newfd breakable, both to the lower overall robustness, both for greater mechanical complication. For against on the frame breachlock you can occur a locking collar due to excessive clamping force or oxidation of the thread in case the goal remains mounted for years. Some important objectives (14 / 2.8, 85 / 2.8SF, 100/2, 135/2 , 200 / 2.8 IF, 200 / 1.8) were made ​​exclusively newfd frame, because in 1979 was available to the computer systems design even more powerful, which made ​​possible the calculation of new optical designs quickly. In favor of the frame newfd there is to say that it is far more practical system breachlock as engagement is instantaneous, ensuring lens from falls and the release button is very practical: you hold the lens while pressing the button with one finger while turning it; on the current EOS system instead often they are forced to work with two hands (one to press the button on the camera body, the other to turn the lens) if the targets are large or very heavy. The last consideration on difference between the two frames regards the internal construction: the system newfd there was a general lightening through the use of plastic, and with bushings of the optical assemblies in the milled grooves of the barrels were made ​​of plastic-coated hard rubber, while on the versions breachlock are brass. This means that when you buy a goal newfd necessary to assess the existence of the game in focus: if in fact that it occurs, it means that the lens has a lot of work, and that the bushings are worn; this not only involves troublesome clearances in the inversion of the focus, but may compromise the alignment of the optical assemblies furniture, which can result in a loss of optical quality.

 

 

 

 

The FD lenses have different mechanical couplings with the camera that you should know.

Innesto_FD.jpg
Breachlock graft                                                                                                                                                          Graft newfd

 

Baionetta_FD_5001.jpg
FD bayonet on camera

 

1. Lever for the simulation of the diaphragm to the value of work.
It ‘coupled to the adjustment ring aperture and has an important function: Tells the camera opening set by the adjustment ring that is shown on the scale of the galvanometer (usually through a indicator circle to said collimator) in order to collimate the exposure reading with the diaphragm set on aperture ring. 2. Pin signaling maximum aperture diaphragm. It serves to inform the camera the maximum aperture of the lens using a probe which measures the height of the camera located in the inlet; objectives brighter pin is lower. The goal is to correctly set the starting value of the maximum aperture on the scale of the exposure. You can test this function by pressing the sensor to the camera with the eye in the viewfinder and you will see varying the starting point of the scale of the exposure or collimator. 3. Pin to use “future”. Probably thought for subsequent applications of auto focus, actually was never used. On some goals they are two side by side. 4. Pin signaling auto iris set. Escaping to report to the camera that has been activated via the auto iris button “A” (or “O”) for the priorities of the times; the pin corresponding to the camera is displaced in the thickness of the bayonet, to about 20 hours, but this is only on the most advanced cameras that offer of the operator. 5. Lever preset diaphragm. It serves to bring the diaphragm to the value set at the time of shooting, and then back to full aperture for reading the light. On the version breach this lever can be manually locked in the working position, by pushing at the stroke end, when using the objectives reversed in macrophotography. On the first FD lens 50 / 1.8 breachlock (but also on the 28 / 2.8 SC, on 35 / 3.5 SC and perhaps other targets) it was applied a small additional lever which has the aim of blocking the diaphragm in the working position; It was then eliminated with the review of 1973 and never revived:

 

 

 

 

levetta_preselezione.jpg

This lever is an aid in the reversal of the objectives for macro photography in conjunction with macrophoto coupler; this explains why it is only available on short focal (known to be the most suitable for that purpose) and economic objectives (because who could afford it bought directly macro lenses ).

To get the same functionality on the objectives newfd need a special ring (macro hood) described in the macro of the new F-1, or a tiny plastic retainer (manual diaphragm adapter) as supplied with the lens converter To:

 

00BM19-22151584.jpg

 

6. Button restraint of the clamping nut. (Only for version breachlock)
it has the purpose to hold the clamp ring locked in the open position. Just added the objective bayonet in this button is pressed, and frees the ring that makes a partial rotation, in order to prevent accidental falls.

On both versions the lever mechanisms of coupling flow through microspheres steel of gorges rectified (there are more than 200 in each lens), so as to ensure positioning of the diaphragm with the accuracy of 1/10, a necessary condition to obtain reliability and repeatability in shutter priority. The objectives FD breachlock when separated from the camera keeps the aperture wide open, while newfd maintain the diaphragm partially sealed to prevent sticking in the case of oil on the diaphragm and long downtime. As a curiosity I want to point out that it seems, during the transition period between graft and graft newfd breach, it was made ​​a limited number of objectives breach with clamping collar black. The news is reported on the text of Brian Long “Canon in celebration”, for which the author of the historical consultant usufruì two former executives Canon, Hiroyoshi Kawana and Shinichi Tenno and is supported by these photos, from an insertion ebay.

 

 

 

$T2eC16h,!yEE9s5jHQS!BRSImnVpsg~~60_57.J
FD55+breach+black+ring.JPG

 

After the introduction about the objectives FD then we can start the description of the models.
The bold headline refers to the objective in the photo.



 

FD lenses
FD 7.5 mm 1: 5.6 SSC (fisheye) FD 7.5 mm 1: 5.6 newfd (fisheye)
FD_7.5_5.jpg
It ‘a circular fisheye, of limited use but of great impact (produces a circular image of the diameter of 23mm), and breach newfd versions are equivalent.
E ‘it equipped with a wheel built with 6 color filters for black and white and color film for conversion (skylight, yellow, orange, red, amber, blue). No adjustment for focus.
Lens construction: 11 elements in 8 groups, disk. 
Angle: 180 ° 
Aperture: 6 blades. 
Minimum distance of focusing: 30 cm (20 cm for version newfd) 
Hood: not provided. 
Filter holder: incorporated. 
Put on the market: June 1971. First revision: February 1973. 
Version newfd: June 1979.

 

7.5_4.5_fish.jpg
List price in 1996: 4,800,000 lire 
ebay Current price: 400/700 €. Example
FD 14mm 1: 2.8 L newfd
s_19189.jpgA true masterpiece is a distortion-free wide-angle rectilinear projection (such as 17mm and 20mm), but is much more rare and expensive.
I would say without fear of contradiction that is among the rarest pieces of the FD system. 
There is only newfd frame.
Lens construction: 14 elements in 10 groups, floating; L2 aspherical.
Angle: 114 °
Aperture: 6 blades
Minimum distance of focus: 25cm
Hood: built.
Filter holder: gelatin with back pocket.

Put on the market: July 1982.

List price in 1996: 7,560,000 lire 
Current price ebay: 1200/1500 Euros. Example 1 Example 2 Example 3
020.gif
This goal came to me with the front lens scratched.
Not lose heart began a search lasting several months, which allowed me to find a new replacement from stock in the United States.
At the bottom of this article by Marco Cavina you can find news about this incredible replacement.

 

FD 15mm 1: 2.8 SSC (fisheye)
FD 15mm 1: 2.8 newfd (fisheye)

FD_15_2.8_fisheye.jpg
It ‘a rectangular fisheye, of use than the previous 7.5mm because clothes size 135 with an angle of view of 180 ° on the diagonal. 
The breach and newfd versions are the same. 
It too comes with 4 filters on wheel (skylight, yellow, orange, red)
Lens construction: 10 lenses in 9 groups, disk. 
Angle: 180 ° 
Diaphragm Blades 6 
Minimum distance of focusing: 30 cm (20 cm for version newfd) 
Hood: Built-in. 
Filter holder: incorporated. 
Put on the market: June 1971 . newfd Version: January 1980.
List price in 1996: 3,640,000 lire 
ebay Current price: 400/500 €. Example 1 Example 2 Example 3 (with orange filter)  
15_2.8.jpg

 

FD 17mm 1: 4 SSC
FD 17mm 1: 4 newfd
FD_17_4.jpg

At the time when it was the shorter focal length on the market which, combined with excellent contrast, the distortions contained and the balanced color rendering made ​​him a highly desirable objective. 
It has a slight vignetting at wider apertures and moderate chromatic aberration. 
The risolvenza is excellent and uniform center-board to F / 11, with a slight decline in F / 16 and F / 22.

Lens construction: 11 lenses in 9 groups, L5-L11 floating. 
Angle: 104 ° 
Diaphragm Blades 6 
Minimum distance of focusing: 25cm 
Hood: not expected to breach version, BW-72 version newfd. 
Filter holder: 72mm . 
Put on the market: March 1971. First revision: March 1973. Version newfd: December 1979.

List price in 1996: 2,360,000 lire 
ebay Current price: 250 €. Example 1 Example 2 Example 3 Article by Marco Cavina

 

17_4.jpg

FD 20mm 1: 2.8 SSC 
FD 20mm 1: 2.8 newfd
FD_20_2.8.jpg

It ‘a good super wide, has a remarkable uniformity center board and distortions are contained, however, is no better than 17mm, to which pays the price of the diaphragm more. 
Mechanically better version breach. Lens construction: 10 elements in 9 groups, floating. Angle: 94 °Diaphragm Blades 6 Minimum distance of focusing: 25cm Hood: not expected to breach version, BW-72 version newfd. Filter Holder: 72mm. Put on the market: March 1973. Version newfd : December 1979.

 

List price in 1996: 1,570,000 lire 
ebay Current price: 300 €. Example 1 Example 2


20_2.8.jpg

 

FD 24mm 1: 1.4 SSC Aspherical
FD 24mm 1: 1.4 L newfd
FD_24_1.4AL.jpg

Until you try it you can not understand. 
The versions newfd and breach are equivalent, but the first version is better for solidity, while the second has the hood and on the first miss. Lens construction: 10 elements in 8 groups, floating; L9 aspherical. Angle: 84 °

 

Diaphragm blades 8 
Minimum Distance Focus: 30cm 
Hood: not expected to breach version, BW-72 version newfd. 
Filter Holder: 72mm. 
Put on the market: March 1975. Version newfd: December 1979.
List price in 1996: 4,060,000 lire 
ebay Current price: 800 / 1100euro. Example Item Marco Cavina
24_1.4AL.jpg

 

FD 24mm 1: 2 newfd
FD_24_2_new.jpg
Must-have, small, compact, with an outstanding performance and a blurred dream. 
It exists only in the frame newfd.

Lens construction: 11 lenses in 9 groups, disk. Aperture: 8 blades. Minimum distance of focusing: 30cm angle: 84 ° Hood: BW-52C. Filter Holder: 52mm. Put on the market: June 1979.

 

List price in 1996: 2,015,000 lire 
ebay Current price: 200 €. Example
24_2.jpg

 

FD 28mm 1: 2 SSC

 

 FD_28_2_SSC.jpg

Rather rare. Gives meaning to 28mm focal much used by photojournalists and much snubbed by amateurs, is a goal of the highest order.
Lens construction: 9 elements in 8 groups, disk. 
Aperture: 8 
blades. 
Minimum distance of focusing: 30cm 
angle: 75 ° 
Hood: BW-55B. 
Filter Holder: 55mm. 
Put on the market: in November 1975.
List price in 1996: 2,300,000 lire 
ebay Current price: 300 Euros Example
28_2_11.jpg
FD 28mm 1: 2 newfd

 

FD_28_2_new.jpgIt ‘a great goal like the SSC version but is plagued by discoloration of the black paint of the back of the second lens (spots appear white).

 

Lens construction: 10 lenses in 9 groups, disk. 
Aperture: 8 blades. 
Minimum distance of focusing: 30cm 
angle: 75 ° 
Hood: BW-52B. 
Filter Holder: 52mm. 
Put on the market: June 1979.

List price in 1996: 2,300,000 lire 
ebay Current price: 150/200 € Example

28_2_22.jpg

FD 35mm 1: 2 
FD 35mm 1: 2 SSC
FD 35mm 1: 2 newfd
FD_35_2_I.jpg
First version (courtesy of Marco Gasparini)
FD_35_2_III.jpg
First release third variant
I wrote much of this masterpiece in my opinion is the best first version breach lens thorium and concave front lens. The versions breach subsequent to the first are less etched (but not all agree), while the version newfd crappy. 
In this table are summarized the versions produced (3 versions, the first of which with 4 variants):
Schema_35_F2.jpg

Note: Data on both weights are approximate. 
I weighed two goals of the first version, the third variant (freshman 23 thousand and 29 thousand), both with bayonet service chrome, and the weight to be measured is of 529g and 506g. Evidently published data on room museum are not true, probably have been “fished out” on file at a later time and it was confusion. I also found differences in the measures declared barrels. 
Finally, there are other discrepancies on serial numbers, some user reports of the previous hundred thousand freshmen (first round, fourth variant) with front lens convex and without yellowing from thorium, typical features of the second version serial number exceeding one hundred thousand. 
The yellowing due to the radioactive decay of thorium, it can be effectively eliminated by exposing the lens to the light of an ultraviolet lamp (excellent fluorescent ones, called “black light” or “lamps of wood”. The exposure to ultraviolet light it must be prolonged depending on the intensity and spectral composition of the emitted light. As a guideline, from one to two months continuously.

35_2_1.jpg
Optical scheme first version breach: 9 elements in 8 groups, floating; concave front lens, thorium. 
Aperture: 8 blades. 
Minimum distance of focusing: 30cm 
angle: 63 ° 
Hood: BW-55A. 
Filter Holder: 55mm. 
Put on the market: March 1971. First revision May 1971 Second revision in August 1971. Third revision in March 1973.
Example (second variant thorium) Example 2 Example 3
35_2_2.jpg
Optical Pattern second version breach: 9 elements in 8 groups, floating; convex front lens.
Aperture: 8 blades. 
Minimum distance of focusing: 30cm 
angle: 63 ° 
Hood: BW-55A. 
Filter Holder: 55mm. 
Put on the market: April 1976.
35_2_3.jpg
Optical Pattern third version newfd: 10 lenses in 9 groups, disk; convex front lens. 
Aperture: 8 blades. 
Minimum distance of focusing: 30cm 
angle: 63 ° 
Hood: BW-52A. 
Filter Holder: 52mm. 
Put on the market: in December 1979.
List price in 1996: 1,345,000 lire (version newfd) 
Current price ebay: 150/250 Euros (more expensive versions with concave lens).

 

 


WARNING: the lenses are radioactive thorium
 : it is good to keep these objectives in a case of lead and limit their use as much as possible.
 




 

FD 35mm 1: 2.8 SSC TS
FD_35_2_TS.jpg

The first Canon lens tilting shift lens ( T ilt – S hift), with 180 ° rotation in order to choose the axis on which to perform the movements. 
The diaphragm is not automatic and must be used in stopdown. 
An absolute masterpiece for sharpness, cleaning and the absence of aberrations, 
with a yield of calligraphic detail. 
There is only frame breach. Lens construction: 9 elements in 8 groups, disk. Aperture: 8 blades, hooked. Minimum distance of focusing: 30cm Angle: 63 ° Hood: BW-58B. Filter Holder: 58mm. Put on the market: March 1973. Price in 1996: 4,480,000 lireebay Current price: 600/800 €.

 

 

 

35_2.8_TS.jpg

Example of detail rendition correction examples of the depth of field: Without tilt . With tilt . Example tilt selectively used to create focus areas.

 

 

A special feature of this lens is in the form of aperture blades, which in the tip are shaped like a hook so as to create an overlap in the closing phase that ensures the regularity of the hole without having to use a greater number of blades.

This feature, typical of the objectives for breeding, is also present on the two objectives special bevel for microphotography. Here the particular shape of the diaphragm:

 

TS_shape.jpg

 

FD 50mm 1: 1.2 L newfd
50L.jpg

The normal absolute Mark Cavina (because he never tried the 55 aspherical). It exists only in the frame newfd. Lens construction: 8 elements in 6 groups, floating; L2 aspherical. Angle: 46 ° Aperture: 8 blades. Minimum distance of focusing: 50cm Hood: BS-52B. Filter Holder: 52mm. Put on the market: October 1980. Price in 1996: 2,360,000 lire Price Current ebay: 400/600 Euros. Article by Marco Cavina Example

 

 

 

50_1.2L.jpg

 

 

FD 50mm 1: 3.5 macro SSC 
FD 50mm 1: 3.5 macro newfd
FD_50_macro_SSC.jpg
SSC version breach lock

The two versions are the same and still astonish for their performance: second 
Marco Cavina is one of the best macro lenses products. The reproduction ratio is 1: 2, to obtain the 1: 1 ratio must be an extension tube 25mm. Lens construction: 6 elements in 4 groups, disk. Diaphragm: 6 blades.Minimum distance of focusing: 23cm angle: 46 ° Hood: BS-55A to version breach, BS-52A to version newfd.Filter holder: 55mm for version breach, 52mm version for newfd. Put on the market: March 1973. Version newfd: June 1979 Price in 1996: 1,200,000 lire ebay Current price: 60/70 euro.

 

 

 

 

FD_50_macro_new.jpg
Version newfd

 

50_3.5_macro.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FD 55mm 1: 1.2 AT FD 55mm 1: 1.2 SSC Aspherical 
55AL_2_500.jpg
First extremely rare example IN 1971

In my opinion this is absolutely normal (leica many fans say it through gritted teeth). Lens construction: 8 elements in 6 groups, floating; L2 aspherical. Aperture: 8 blades. Minimum distance of focusing: 60cm angle: 43 ° Hood: BS-58. Filter holder: 58mm. Put on the market: March 1971. First revision: March 1973. Second revision: March 1975 . Current price ebay: 2500/3000 Euros (version 1971) Current price ebay: 800/1100 Euros (1973/1975 version) Article by Marco Cavina Example 1Example 2

 

 

 

 

  

FD_55_1.2_Aspherical.jpg
Third exemplary Aspheri cal 1975
55_1.2AL.jpg

 

 

FD 85mm 1: 1.2 SSC Aspherical
FD_85_1.2_Aspherical.jpg

Mark Cavina is even better than the current versions autofocus (and he’s right). 
This version is more solid, has a diaphragm with nine blades but lacks bayonet 
service for hood. Lens construction: 8 elements in 6 groups, float, L2 aspherical. Diaphragm: 9 blades.Minimum Distance Focus: 1m Angle: 28 ° 30 ‘ Hood: not provided. Filter Holder: 72mm. Put on the market: January 1976. Current price ebay: 900/1100 € Sample article Marco Cavina The absence of lens hood (like the 24 aspherical) is inexplicable, but confirmed both by the original catalogs, both from the lists. However, producers of accessories of the time had certainly labored in proposing alternative solutions. Further proof is curious grooved ring , thought likely to house a rubber lens hood. It is definitely not an original accessory, or as usual, would be labeled with a name and a code. Hard to think even for a lens hood to the terminal, as the barrel is smooth and the minimal extension remains little useful space, not to mention that any terminal could damage the markings identifying what little acceptable because the class objective.

 

 

85_1.21.jpg

 

FD 85mm 1: 1.2 L newfd
85_new.jpg

This version is less solid (and heavy on the graft newfd manifests of the game), 
but you can attach the lens hood. Lens construction: 8 elements in 6 groups, float, L2 aspherical. Aperture: 8 blades. Minimum distance of focus : 90cm. Angle: 28 ° 30 ‘ Hood: BT-72. Filter holder: 72mm. Put on the market: March 1980. Price in 1996: 2,800,000 lire ebay Current price: 600/700 € Article by Marco Cavina

 

 

 

85_1.21.jpg

 

FD 85mm 1: 1.8 SSC 
FD 85mm 1: 1.8 newfd
FD_85_1.8_SSC.jpg
SSC version breach

It ‘a goal with dual personality. 
It shares the optical scheme with the 100/2 but unlike the latter, in low light is low in contrast and much, much less defined. 
Under optimal conditions instead exhibits an excellent contrast and a splendid detachment fire / fuorifuoco, with sharpness big-time. 
Used in bright light does not even look like the same goal, so do not use backlighting, for heaven’s sake, it is dramatic, the decline of the contrast is unacceptable. 
The correction of the coma aberration spherical is rather great, however suffers so particolarmante high chromatic aberration. 
The two versions breach and newfd are identical, the frame separately. optical scheme: 6 lenses in 4 groups, disk. Aperture: 8 blades. Minimum Distance Focus : 90cm (85cm version newfd) Angle: 28 ° 30 ‘ Hood: BT-55 (version breach), BT-52 (version newfd). Filter holder: 55mm (version breach), 52mm (version newfd). Put on the market : April 1974. Version newfd: June 1979. Current price ebay: 150 € (version newfd)

 

 

85_1.8.jpg
Version newfd

 

85_1.81.jpg

 

FD 85mm 1: 2.8 newfd (soft focus)
FD_85_2.8_softfocus.jpg

It ‘a goal thought to the soft focus effect in portraits, obtained by spherical aberration adjusted to 3 values. 
Used without effect has an extraordinary sharpness. 
It exists only in the frame newfd, and is extremely rare. Lens construction: 6 elements in 4 groups, drive.Diaphragm: 9 blades. Minimum distance of focusing: 80cm angle: 28 ° 30 ‘ Hood: BT-58. Filter holder: 58mm.Put on the market: February 1983. Current price ebay: 600 EUR Example with SF = 0 Example 3 with SF =

 

 

85_2.8_SF.jpg

 

 

FD 100 mm 1: 2 newfd
FD_100_2.jpg

After using it for a long time I think it is the best telephoto portrait ever. 
Do not fear comparisons with nothing and exists only newfd frame. Lens construction: 6 elements in 4 groups, disk. Aperture: 8 blades. Minimum distance of focusing: 1m angle: 24 ° Hood: BT-52. Filter holder: 52mm. Put on the market: January 1980. Price in 1996: 1,070,000 lire ebay Current price: 250/300 € Example

 

 

 

100_2.jpg

 

FD 100mm 1: 4 SC macro 
FD 100mm 1: 4 macro newfd

FD_100_4_macroSC.jpg
Version Breach

 

Significant objective for macro photography with RR = 1: 2
With extension tube reaches 50mm RR = 1: 1
Lens construction: 5 elements in 3 groups, disk.
Version breach is more solid and assembles a wonderful metal hood.
And ‘bulkier and heavier version newfd; the optical scheme is identical.
Aperture: 6 blades. 
Minimum distance of focusing: 45cm
Angle: 24 °
Hood: BT-55 (version breach), BT-52 (version newfd).
Filter holder: 55mm (version breach), 52mm (version newfd).
Put on the market: October 1975. Version newfd: September 1979.
List price in 1996: 2,130,000 lire
Ebay Current price: 150 Euros (newfd) 250 euro (breachlock)
FD_100_4_macro.jpg
Version newfd

100_4_macro.jpg

FD 135 mm 1: 2 newfd
FD_135_2.jpg

Another sacred monster of the FD system. 
It exists only in the frame newfd. Lens construction: 6 elements in 5 groups, drive. Aperture: 8 blades.Minimum distance of focusing: 1.30m Angle: 18 ° Lens hood: Built, sliding. Filter Holder: 72mm. Put on sale: May 1980. Price in 1996: 1,870,000 lire ebay Current price: 300 € (version newfd) Example

 

 

135_2.jpg

 

 FD 200 mm 1: 4 macro newfd

FD+200+macro.jpgA goal extremely rare. 
There is only frame newfd. 
It reaches the RR = 1 without additional. 
Support stand included. Lens construction: 9 elements in 6 groups, disk. Aperture: 8 blades. Minimum distance of focusing: 58cm Angle Field: 12 ° Lens hood: built-sliding. Filter Holder: 58mm. Put on sale: April 1981. Price in 1996: 2,987,000 lirePrezzo current ebay: 400/500 € Example 1 Example 2Example 3

 

 

200_4_macro.jpg

 

 

FD 200 mm 1: 4 SSC 
FD 200 mm 1: 4 newfd
IMG_0133_zpsec3d9307.jpg
This is a goal that I snubbed long, misled by the opinions of false gurus beds around on the internet. 
Intrigued by a review read on All Photographers March 73, where Paul Pellegrineschi called him “one of the best 200 tested in recent years”, I decided to get one (I thank the owner of the shop Mauri store on ebay, for sending me the wonderful example that you see in the picture). Well, after trying it I had to revise my judgment. 
It ‘just another masterpiece of Canon 70’s: contrast medium (which is an advantage), risolvenza excellent and very good in the center to the edges until F / 5.6, passing excellence after F / 5.6 to F / 11 from center to edge, excellent correction of chromatic aberration and color rendering, with cool neutral tones (a characteristic of the entire system FD). 
On the version newfd I can not vouch for not having a exemplary.
Lens construction: 6 elements in 5 groups, drive (7 elements in 6 groups, rigid version newfd)
Aperture: 8 blades. 
Minimum distance of focusing: 2.5m (1.5m version newfd)
Angle: 12 °
Hood: Sliding built
Filter holder: 55mm (version breach), 52mm (version newfd).

Put on the market: March 1973. Version newfd: June 1979. Example 1 Example 2 Example 3 (backlight) Example4 Example5 (color) EXAMPLE6 (color)

 

(Examples all refer to the version breach: note the detail high despite the use of a film 400 asa) Current price ebay: 50/110 euro, depending on the status and version.

 

Pagina026m.jpg
FD 200 mm 1: 2.8 SSC 
FD 200 mm 1: 2.8 newfd 
FD 200 mm 1: 2.8 newfd IF

 

There are three versions, but the last two are easily confused with each other for lack of documentation.
Version breach has 5 elements in 5 groups and focus with helix. 
The first version newfd is substantially identical to the version breach, frame apart. 
Both do not shine particularly for their gifts. 
The second version newfd is far superior, it was produced after October 1982 (datacode W), has 7 elements in 5 groups and internal focusing. 
The magazines of the time compared him to yield to the giants of the time. Spectacular its ability to erase the background with a blurred wonderful. 
Obviously you pay dearly, still remains at around 300 euro, when earlier versions the price is halved. 
To recognize at a glance the two versions just look newfd Sliding the lens hood: the latest version is equipped with rubber ring worked prisms, while the previous version of the horizontal grooves.

DSC00960.jpg

Version breach SSC: 5 elements in 5 groups, drive. 
Aperture: 8 blades. 
Minimum distance of focusing: 1.8m 
Angle: 12 ° 
Hood: Sliding, built. 
Filter Holder: 72mm. 
Put on the market: in March 1975. ebay Current price: 150 €

 

200_2.8_1.jpg
FD_200_2.8_II1.jpg

Newfd version: 5 elements in 5 groups, drive. 
Aperture: 8 blades. 
Minimum distance of focusing: 1.8m 
Angle: 12 ° 
Hood: Sliding built. 
Filter Holder: 72mm. 
Put on sale: June 1979. Example ebay Current price: 200 €

 

200_2.8_1.jpg
FD_200_2.8_III1.jpg

Version newfd internal focus (IF) latest model: 7 elements in 6 groups, internal focusing. 
Aperture: 8 blades. 
Minimum distance of focusing: 1.5m 
Angle: 12 ° 
Hood: Sliding built. 
Filter holder: 72mm. 
Put on the market: October 1982. Sample Price in 1996: 1,920,000 lire ebay Current price: 300 €

 

 

200_2.8_2.jpg

 

 

FD 200 mm 1: 1.8 L newfd
FD_200_1.8_L.jpg

The best piece ever produced by canon, by far , produced in only 200 units two years after the termination of the FD system. 
Only after trying it you can talk about it, who does it by hearsay ago chatter vain. 
The specimen pictured, bearing 187 freshman, I was sold by Marco Cavina in November 2009. Lens construction: 11 lenses in 9 groups, floating. The front glass is a protective element. Aperture: 8 blades.Minimum distance of focusing: 2.5m Angle Field: 12 ° Lens Hood ET-123. Filter holder: drop-in 48mm (only jelly). Dial focusing system of limitation of movement. Put on the market: November 1989. Price in 1996: 13,860 .000 lire Current price ebay: 2400-4000 euro depending on the state. Example Item Marco Cavina

 

 

 

200_1.81.jpg

 

FD 300 mm 1: 4 SSC
FD 300 mm 1: 4 newfd 
FD 300 mm 1: 4 L newfd
FD_300_4_L.jpg

Once you try it, we wonder why they have retired the system FD: risolvenza, airiness, not ability to amass plans in relation to the focal qualities are very rare. 
This version is very difficult to find; is the most common version L, much lower. 
Support stand included. 
Lens construction: 7 elements in 7 groups, internal focusing. 
The front element is a protective glass. 
Diaphragm: 9 blades. 
Minimum distance of focus : 3m 
Angle: 8 ° 15 ‘ 
Hood: Sliding built. 
Filter holder: Pull out drawer drop-in 34mm; supplied clear glass. 
Available separately filters red, yellow, ND2, gelatin filter holder. 
Put on the market: December 1978. Version newfd: May 1980. Price in 1996: 3,810,000 lire

 

300_4_L.jpg

 

FD 500 mm 1: 4.5 L SSC 
FD 500 mm 1: 4.5 L newfd
FD500_4.5L.jpg

It was the first goal of the Canon to bear the red line that identifies the series L.
Lens construction: 7 elements in 6 groups, L2 fluorite 
The front element is a protective glass. 
Diaphragm: 9 blades. 
Minimum distance of focusing: 5 m 
Angle: 5 ° 
Lens Hood: Sliding, built + additional extension cable EH-123. 
Filter holder: Pull out drawer drop-in 48mm with neutral element can be unscrewed and replaced with any other filter of the same diameter. 
Available also operated by rotating polarizer outer wheel and gelatin filter holder. 
ring focus system with limitation of movement. 
Support rotating tripod shots every 90 ° with lock button. 
Put on sale: May 1979. newfd version: December 1981 
Price ebay: 1000-1500 Euros. Example 1 Example 2 Article by Marco Cavina
   

 

500_4.5_L.jpg

 

 

FD 500 mm 1: 8 Reflex SSC 
FD 500 mm 1: 8 Reflex newfd
FD_500_8_reflex_SSC.jpg

A compact catadioptric objective of excellent quality. Lens construction: 6 elements in 3 groups, mirror. Aperture: absent. Minimum distance of focusing: 4m View Angle: 5 ° Lens Hood: Sliding, built. Filter holder: Pull out drawer drop -in 34mm; supplied clear glass.They were available in the filters red, yellow, ND2, gelatin filter holder. 90mm front thread. Support rotating tripod shots every 90 ° with lock button. Put on sale: September 1978. newfd version: March 1980 Price ebay : 300-400 euro (version breach). ebay Price: 200-300 Euros (version newDF). Example    Note the blurred typical reflex lens usually are known for poor quality. This, however, can compete with the much more expensive 500 / 4.5L course, is much less bright and has a fuzzy characteristic, but it is also much more compact, lightweight and discreet. Used with fast films (400ASA) on a bright day is an excellent alternative to super-telephoto white. Example 1(telephoto 500 / 4.5 L) Example 2 (catadioptric 500/8 SLR)

 

 

 

 

 

500_8_reflex.jpg

 

 

Zoom FD 35-70 mm 1: 4 newfd autofocus

This zoom, introduced in 1981, was the first Canon lens with autofocus independent, whose operation is based on a triangulation system telemetry, it was contended by various judicial case that claimed authorship. You will find the details of this curious goal in the interesting article by Marco Cavina.

 

zoom+35-70+AF.jpg

Lens construction: 8 elements in 8 groups. 
Aperture: 8 blades. 
Minimum Distance Focus: 1m 
Hood: not provided. Put on sale: May 1981. There is only graft newfd. Current price ebay: 150/300 Euros. Example

 

 

 

 

 

35-70+1979.jpg

Zoom FD 35-105 mm 1: 3.5-4.5 newfd

 

35-105.jpg
This small , lights and compact zoom noso today is little know ut or it was introduced in 1985, to the decline of the system FD. Not to be found on the book “lens work” that was no longer ristampat or why now was the impending launch of the EO S. 
(Curiously appears in the catalog “lens wonderland” of 1982 )
Yet is a
 zoom very noteworthy, airy , well corrected, with an excellent contrast in spite of the lenses 14 of which it is composed, one of which is aspherical. The remarkable ability to read the shadows. It looks resigned and anonymous, that does not bode qualities. The system of focus / focal adjustment is monoghiera parafocality, which makes it quick and easy to use.


Lens construction: 14 elements in 11 groups , L12 aspherical.
Aperture: 5 blades. 
Minimum distance of focusing: 1.2m 
Angle: 63 ° (35mm) , 23 ° 30 ‘(to 105mm)
Hood: BW- 58C 
Filter holder : 58mm (rotate during focusing). Put on the market: in December 1985 (it appears in the catalog “lens wonderland “of 1982) .

 

Ebay Current price: 80-100 Euros.

Example 1 to 35 mm 
Example 2 to 105 mm
Example 3 to 3 5mm 
to 105mm Example4 
Example5 35mm (color) EXAMPLE6 to 105mm (color)

 

35-105+3.5-45+aspherical.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Zoom FD 80-200mm 1: 4 L newfd
FD+80-200L.JPG
Quest or zoom has been the forerunner of modern zoom 70-200, authentic bestseller among photo enthusiasts. 
It ‘a zoom command with mono -focal ring with a lens and a fluorite len you low dispersion (UD).
Has a ‘airiness, A resolution, and color rendering to record , as demonstrated by the high price that still keeps s ul market of ‘used, on the rare occasions that happen to view it. 
What really amazed leaves, in particular, is the color rendering on the flesh. Hard to really see better.
 

Lens construction: 14 elements in 12 groups , L2 fluorite, UD L7.
Aperture: 8 blades. 
Minimum distance of focusing: 1.2m (90cm in macro position) 
Hood: BT-58 
Filter holder : 58mm

Put on the market: November 1985.

Current price ebay: 300-500 euro.

80-200+4L.jpg

Example 1 (70mm to infinity) 
Example 2 (200mm to infinity)
Example 3 

Example 4

Example 5

EXAMPLE6

Esempio7
Esempio8 (yield on the flesh) 

Article by Marco Cavina .

 

 
 
 
 
 
Teleconverters

In FD system existed a semiduplicatore and 2 doublers:

 

duplicatori_FD.jpg

 

FD_extender_1.4X_A.jpg
Extender 1.4x

Lens construction: 4 elements in 3 groups. 
For focal greater than or equal to 300mm. 
Exposure correction: no. 
ebay Price: 150 €.

FD_extender_2X_A.jpg
2X extender-A

Lens construction: 6 elements in 4 groups. 
For focal greater than 300mm. 
Exposure bias: +1/3 stop. 
ebay Price: 150-200 Euros.

 

FD_extender_2X_B.jpg
2X extender-B

Lens construction: 7 elements in 5 groups. 
For focal less than 300mm. Exposure bias: -2/3 stop with lenses f / 1.8 or brighter -1/3 stop with lenses f / 2.0 or brighter ebay Price: 150-200 EUR. The corrections mentioned are required for both the black and white, both for color negative, but especially for the slide color, whose exact exposure is critical for the correct color saturation. Unlike what happens with the current duplicator , where in the camera is indicated a diaphragm halved, in the camera FD maximum aperture is not reduced by half, but exposure meter takes into account the fall of light positioning two stops below the value that it would no doubler (for example, if framing without doubler I F / 4 – 1/1000, mounting doubler I F / 4 – 1/250). A more intuitive than the current practice as a formal point of view the maximum aperture is not changes, it just happens that the light is distributed over a larger area thanks to the duplicator and this obviously requires a shutter speed longer. Examples FD 300 / 4L with Doubler 2X-A: Example 1 Example 2 Example 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adaptation of FD lenses on the EOS system

When fit different lenses on cameras, even before the issues relating to the loss of automatic, you have to make one comment on the preliminary draft, which is the distance between the film and the filler plug. If the lens has a draft of less adattatare in the original, will focus in front of the film plane and you can use it just by inserting a corrective lens, because you can not ‘physically closer. If you have a draft greater, will focus behind the film plane, in this case just move it away by interposing a ring having a thickness equal to the difference of draw (subject to considerations relating to the circle of coverage). The system FD (but also the predecessors FL and R) has a draw of 42mm while the EOS system has a minimum draft of 44mm. This is the reason why adapt the optical FD requires a negative lens correction. Paradoxically then the system canon FD is the most penalized because of the fact the adaptation of such objectives is problematic, if not discouraged. At the time of the introduction of EOS system in 1987 were put on the market by canon 2 adapters to use the system on FD EOS. They were never sold to the public but were sold as spare parts only to professionals (what today corresponds to the PSC) The adapter with optical unit cost the beauty of 735,000 pounds in 1993. The first, called “ Canon Lens Converter FD-EOS “:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

converterwv1.jpg

It was designed to use only the following super telephoto FD: Fixed:

 

  • FD200 / 1.8L
  • FD200 / 2.8
  • FD300 / 2.8
  • FD300 / 4
  • FD300 / 4L
  • FD400 / 2.8
  • FD400 / 4.5
  • FD400 / 4.5L
  • FD500 / 4.5L
  • FD600 / 4.5
  • FD800 / 5.6

Zoom:

  • FD50-300 / 4.5L
  • FD85-300 / 4.5
  • FD150-600 / 5.6L

(The catadioptric 500/8 can only be mounted by interposing an extension pipe FD 5mm, losing the focus to infinity)

This adapter therefore was not usable with no other goal due to the optical unit projecting; He had a multiplying factor of the focal equal to 1.26, in addition to absorbing light for 2.3 aperture. Today it is impossible to find, it rarely happens on eBay, but you get to pay over $ 1500 being considered a rarity; This photographed was my personal copy, then sold after the recantation of the EOS system. The optical quality guaranteed by this special adapter mounted on a super telephoto FD of digital cameras is very high; observed by way of example two photographs: the first of a light pole 50 meters away, the second of a group of houses at about 500m. (Objective FD 500 / 4.5L of camera 1Ds mark III with original adapter) Example 1 Example 2 are commercially available universal adapters having a corrective lens (some with a chip of confirmation for the focus) that allow the adaptation of any objective FD; However, it is built only one lens (maximum two), sometimes in plastic, often without antireflection coating (against the 4 elements in 3 groups of the original treatment with super spectra SSC) you can ‘easily figure out which image quality is He will meet; as an example I show the qualitative decay adapters FD using a commercial FD500mm F / 8 SLR canon with spacer 5mm: This picture is achieved with the adapter on the market. This picture instead with the original adapter.Apart from the factor reduction equal to 26.1 introduced by the latter, the difference in quality is quite evident. An important note: The adapter is not fully compatible with the first telephoto breach lock. In fact, these objectives the plate delimiter circle covering the case back has a rectangular shape that prevents the entry of the optical projecting. On later models with graft newfd this sheet it was shaped specifically. In this photo you can see the original shape and dimensions of the red light unit:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

delimitatore.jpg

Americans on some forums I read that the latest versions of breach models were updated with the profiled steel plate, but I do not have any feedback on this. 
The solution, however, is simple: it is to disassemble the plate and sagomarlo with a file. The second original adapter , called “ Canon macro lens mount converter FD-EOS “:

 

914.jpg

It is a hollow ring designed only to recover the use of FD macro lenses, and of course does not allow the focus to infinity. This, too, is rare and very rare, but they exist in actual production; both feature a lever (almost never shown) that allows to bring the diaphragm open aperture to perform the measurement of the light. The obvious loss of automatisms requires to work in manual mode, or in aperture priority.

 

 

 

FD 20mm 1: 3.5 Photomicro

 

FD_20_3.5_photomicro.jpg

Objective specialized microphotography to use the bellows, with screw-fitting RMS (“Royal Microscope Society” step withworth 0.8 “x 1/36”) for microscope. Lens:

 

20_3.5_macro.jpg

Ebay Current price: 400 Euros Example

 

 

FD 35mm 1: 2.8 Photomicro
FD_35_2.8_photomicro.jpg

Objective specialized microphotography to use the bellows, with screw-fitting RMS microscope. As a curiosity I show the components of this particular objective:

 

FD_35_2.8_photomicro_dettagli.jpg

 

From left, RMS-FD adapter, target, and conical plug Unscrew to screw the rare doubler film. Lens:

 

35_2.8_photomicro.jpg

Ebay Current price: 400 € Article by Marco Cavina Example

 

 

 

 

Canon FD duplicator 8

The 8 duplicator is an accessory lens photomicro, 20mm F / 3.5. 
With two other duplicators, the duplicator 16 (to be mounted on the 35 F / 2.8 photomicro) and duplicator G (of which there is no documentation) was thought to transfer to film 135 format home movies 8mm, 16mm (at the time very used) and photographs for medical use produced by cameras dedicated (G). Such rare accessory requires to be screwed on one of the two objectives for microphotography, whose front element Taper is unscrewed using thread owner (not RMS). Magazines of the time was often referred to as “reprocine”. The optical element Köhler doubler, derived from microscopy, has condenser and field diaphragm fixed, and serves to uniformly illuminate the frame. Photomicro through the lens mounted on the bellows bellows can enlarge the frame of the film at will (within the limits of the resolution of the original film). It ‘obvious that transfer an entire movie on 8mm format 135 is a tremendous undertaking, since it is necessary retaking each frame manually not being provided no automatism for the sliding of the film, that is, it must be manually move the film frame by frame by stopping the locking system incorporated in the duplicator, whose head is hinged folding. The purpose of this duplicator is to recover individual frames, or otherwise short sequences of frames from limited system capacity FD new, namely the hundred frames of the spine special corrispondendi in just over 4 seconds of footage, or 250 frames of the old system. Here’s what the duplicator 8 attached to the 20 F / 3.5 photomicro with conical ring removed:

 

 

 

 

Duplicator_8_4_con_20_photomicro.jpg

And here it was what it looks like when assembled and placed on the bellows through the RMS-FD adapter supplied

Duplicator_8_3_su_bellows.jpg

But here you can see the duplicator with the element Köhler overturned to allow the insertion of the film, driven by steel pins:

Duplicator_8_2.jpg

Being dedicated to the use in combination with the objectives photomicro, has taken no use to him. If someone was in possession of precious 8mm home movies and family volessere recover some frames, now knows how to do. I can not tell you what his quote on ebay: I hunted for four years without ever seeing it, and just recently we have got hold, paying him $ 82.

 

 

 

Objectives not FD

 

FL-P 38mm 1: 2.8 for exclusive Pellix

 

FLP_40_2.8.jpg

Lens construction: 4 elements in 3 groups. 
Diaphragm: 6 blades. 
Angle: 59 °. 
Hood: not provided. 
Filter Holder: 48mm. 
Put on sale: May 1965. 
Price ebay: 350-400 Euros. Example

 

 

S 50 1: 0.95 with bayonet M for Canon 7 rangefinder and Canon 7S.

This is a legend: the first goal of the series, put on the market 50 years ago, with lower brightness of F / 1, emulated by NOCTILUX only 30 years later. 
It ‘was nicknamed “dream lens”.

S_50_0.95.jpg

Lens construction: 7 elements in 5 groups, lenses lanthanum.

Aperture: 10 blades. 
Angle: 46 ° 
Hood: dedicated. 
Filter Holder: 72mm. 
Put on sale: August 1961.

50_0.95S_corretto.jpg

The following is an X-ray showing the high optical density of this legend (courtesy of Marco Cavina and Dr. Milos Paul Mladek Wien): 

Radiografia_Canon_50_0_951.jpg
Price ebay: 1000-1500 euro.

Examples (from Flickr)

Example 2 
Example 3 
Article by Marco Cavina

 

Once again I thank Prof. Vicent Cabo that after reading my article sent me the correct optical scheme of 50 f / 0.95

Finally we mark this interesting article by Marco Cavina adoption of Fluorite of Canon telephoto lenses in the first FL